Lower Back Pain

What is low back pain?

Low back pain is a term describing a sensation of pain that arises from a number of structures in the lower back. Physiotherapy is an effective way of treating low back pain.

How does low back pain happen?

Low back pain is caused by damage to structures in the back (i.e. muscles, ligaments, discs, nerves and bones). It can occur following a relatively simple movement, such as bending forward or twisting, or following more complex and forceful movements of the lower spine.

What are the symptoms of low back pain?

Low back pain can cause a dull or strong ache in your lower back, which is made worse by movement. It can often prevent you from ‘straightening up’ in standing. The pain can be in the middle of the back, to one side or on both sides of the spine. It can also radiate down into the buttock, back of the thigh, calf, ankle and foot. Other symptoms include:

What should I do if I have low back pain?

If you have low back pain, you should consult a physiotherapist as soon as possible for assessment, diagnosis and treatment.

Physiotherapy treatment for low back pain.

The assistance of a physiotherapist is very important in the treatment of low back pain. Initially, your physiotherapist can diagnose your problem and determine its severity. Occasionally this can require referral for imaging techniques such as an X-ray, CT scan or MRI scan. Following the initial assessment your physiotherapist will determine a treatment plan specifically for you. Treatment may include:

What shouldn’t I do if I have low back pain?

If you have low back pain, you should not ignore the problem and continue to perform normal activities or participate in sports. Ignoring the problem may lead to the pain increasing and a prolonged recovery.