Meniscus Injury

Like a whole lot of knee accidents, a meniscus tear can be painful and debilitating. lamentably, it is quite not unusual. In fact, a meniscal tear is one of the maximum often occurring cartilage accidents of the knee.

So what is the meniscus? it's a bit of cartilage on your knee that cushions and stabilizes the joint. It protects the bones from wear and tear. however, all it takes is a superb twist of the knee to rip the meniscus. In a few cases, a chunk of the shredded cartilage breaks unfastened and catches in the knee joint, causing it to lock up.

Meniscus tears are not unusual in contact sports activities like soccer as well as noncontact sports requiring jumping and slicing which include volleyball and soccer. they are able to happen whilst a person changes course unexpectedly at the same time as going for walks, and frequently arise at the same time as different knee injuries, like an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) damage. Meniscus tears are a unique threat for older athletes for the reason that meniscus weakens with age. extra than forty% of people sixty-five or older have them.

What Does a Meniscus Tear feel Like?


Signs and symptoms of a meniscus tear encompass:

 

  • Pain within the knee

  • Swelling

  • A popping sensation for the duration of the damage

  • Trouble bending and straightening the leg

  • A bent to your knee to get "stuck" or lock up

  • At first, the ache may not be bad. you might even play via the damage. however, as soon as the inflammation units in, your knee will probably harm pretty a bit.


To diagnose a meniscus tear, your physician will give you an intensive exam. they may need to pay attention to information about how you acquire your damage. X-rays can be essential, to rule out damaged bones and different troubles. you can also need an MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) experiment, which permits a more certain evaluation of knee cartilage.

What will treatment consist of for a Meniscal Tear?

Massage – Encompassing a variety of techniques with sufficient pressure through the superficial tissue to reach the deep lying structures. It is used to increase blood flow, decrease swelling, reduce muscle spasm and promote normal tissue repair.

Deep friction – An aggressive massage technique applied across the tissue as deeply as possible to break down scar tissue, restore normal movement and prepare the structure for mobilisation or manipulation. This technique is initially painful but then causes a numbing effect.

Mobilisation – A manual technique where the joint and soft tissues are gently moved by the therapist to restore normal range, lubricate joint surfaces and relieve pain.

Ultrasonic Therapy – Transmits sound waves through the tissues stimulating the body’s chemical reactions and therefore healing process, just as shaking a test tube in the laboratory speeds up a chemical reaction. It reduces tissue spasm, accelerates healing and results in pain relief.

Interferential Therapy – Introduces a small electrical current into the tissues and can be used at varying frequencies for differing treatment effects. E.g., pain relief, muscle or nerve stimulation, promoting blood flow and reducing inflammation.

What other treatments could be used for a Meniscal Tear?

Acupuncture – An oriental technique of introducing needles into the skin to increase or decrease energy flow to promote pain relief and healing.

Injection Therapy – A specialist procedure which needs the consent of your G.P. A non-harmful steroid and local anaesthetic are injected directly into the injured structure. It has a dramatic effect on removing inflammation and promoting healing.

Taping/Strapping – May be used if thought necessary to restrict abnormal movement and prevent further damage.

What can you do yourself to help a Meniscal Tear?

Active Rest – Keep active but avoid activities that aggravate your condition i.e., any activity that may put a twisting strain on the knee.

Apply an ice pack – For a maximum of 20 minutes. A bag of frozen peas wrapped in a damp cloth works well because it moulds to the  shape of the tissues. Ensure that you do not apply ice directly to the skin as this can cause an ice burn.

Exercise programme – This is the most important part of the rehabilitation, your therapist will instruct you as to which exercises to begin with, when to add the others, as well as how to progress the exercises.

Medication – Ask your GP or Pharmacist for advice on the best medication for your condition.

Podiatry – An analysis of the foot mechanics and structure during walking or running and correction as appropriate.

What will treatment consist of for a Meniscal Tear?

Massage – Encompassing a variety of techniques with sufficient pressure through the superficial tissue to reach the deep lying structures. It is used to increase blood flow, decrease swelling, reduce muscle spasm and promote normal tissue repair.

Deep friction – An aggressive massage technique applied across the tissue as deeply as possible to break down scar tissue, restore normal movement and prepare the structure for mobilisation or manipulation. This technique is initially painful but then causes a numbing effect.

Mobilisation – A manual technique where the joint and soft tissues are gently moved by the therapist to restore normal range, lubricate joint surfaces and relieve pain.

Ultrasonic Therapy – Transmits sound waves through the tissues stimulating the body’s chemical reactions and therefore healing process, just as shaking a test tube in the laboratory speeds up a chemical reaction. It reduces tissue spasm, accelerates healing and results in pain relief.

Interferential Therapy – Introduces a small electrical current into the tissues and can be used at varying frequencies for differing treatment effects. E.g., pain relief, muscle or nerve stimulation, promoting blood flow and reducing inflammation.