Sports Physiotherapy


Sports physiotherapy is a branch of physical therapy aimed at both athletes and regular athletes who have sustained an injury or ongoing injury. Sports physiotherapy is a special form of physiotherapy designed to help with injuries or conditions that occur during sports. Methods include manual treatment and rehabilitation. Whether you are a professional athlete or just beginning your athletic journey, sports physiotherapy may be the right treatment for you.


Sports activities, whether professional or otherwise, can cause muscle strain or even serious injury. If these problems are not given the right care and treatment, they can get worse. However, these unwanted injuries can now be alleviated and prevented from recurring through sports physiotherapy. You can increase your performance and prevent future injuries by using a variety of techniques and exercises. Sports physiotherapy aims to help you get back on track as quickly as possible in a safe, secure, and effective way. Conditions treated with sports physiotherapy differ from nerve, muscle, or muscle damage to other musculoskeletal disorders.


Key Areas of Physiotherapy Sports Include

  1. Diagnosis and diagnosis of injuries

  2. Identifying the cause of the injury

  3. Design an individual treatment plan

  4. Renewal

  5. Performance improvement




Sports injuries are high-performance injuries that require a lot of care. The Sports physiotherapist works closely with the athlete/team to identify the needs of specific sports and produce the best post-injury performance results. For example, if a middle-aged soccer player injures his ankle while playing football and walks into rehab. He is given special rehab exercises to be able to run, cut directions and treat the ball as pre-injury as his game. Depending on the sport, the rehab program is designed to help the athlete return to the sport. If it is a cricket injury such as hypertension in a fast bowler, then the thrower is directed to exercises that prevent hyperextension or stabilize the spine and help him return to cricket.


Sports physiotherapy can actually offer a variety of treatments. Treatment approaches to dealing with back pain and neck pain in normal patients will also address a variety of treatment strategies used in sports therapy and in particular to stimulate movement. For example, Running was taken by many ordinary people to be healthy, but they had a problem with injuries due to lack of guidance/knowledge.



Athletes are at risk of injury at any time, they can injure their head, face, shoulder, arm, thigh, and knee There are various steps to prevent injury by making sure the muscles and joints are properly heated, protected. gears are used, protective gear is used, and the appropriate cooling exercises are performed. Exercise should be done under the guidance of a trained and experienced physiotherapist. Games, where injuries are most common, are:

  1. Ball/ball

  2. Tennis

  3. Cricket

  4. Hockey

  5. Athletic

Although there are various other sports that require physiotherapy treatment such as Basketball, Volleyball, Rugby, Badminton, Cycling etc.




Muscle Strain:

The tension of the muscles or tension muscles is one of the most common sports injuries that often occur when a muscle is stretched and torn. Muscle problems mainly affect the quadriceps, calves, quadriceps, groin, low back, and shoulder.



Inflammation of the tendon is called tendonitis, which is associated with overuse but can also develop when traumatic injuries cause small tears in the arteries.


Stress Fracture:

Stress fractures are also a form of traumatic injury. It occurs when the muscles can no longer absorb pressure, thus causing fractures. Depression fractures usually affect the lower legs and feet and female athletes are more likely to have such injuries than men.



The direct effect of a muscle that causes injury is known as contusions. The speed of the machines that hit the player very hard and the injury causes swelling and abrasions of the area. RICE is recommended for treatment, and medical help may be needed for severe seizures.


Whiplash Injury:

Whiplash injury can occur suddenly or unexpectedly in the back or neck movement. A sudden fall or a stroke causes headaches and neck stiffness. It occurs most commonly in contact sports, causing pain, numbness in the arms due to minor or major damage to the soft tissues of the muscles and lines of the neck and vertebrae. Player recovery depends on the severity of the injury.


Shoulder Arrest:

Shoulder dislocation occurs as a result of repeated head movements during play. This repetitive concentric and eccentric movement sets the requirements for maintaining high levels of muscle control, which is needed to maintain joint shoulder stability. The first physiotherapy treatment in these cases is relaxation, ice, and Kinesis-taping. To increase the flexibility of muscles, ligaments, and tendons, a range of exercise and fitness is developed by a physiotherapist.

Acromioclavicular Joint Injury:

The prevalence of shoulder injuries is high in hockey. The most common shoulder injury is an Acromioclavicular (AC) joint injury, also known as a dislocated shoulder. This injury occurs as a result of direct contact with the shoulder. Sizes can vary from cracking to complete rupture of the lines involved. Physiotherapy treatment involves resting the sling followed by isometrics and soft ROM exercises.


Rotator cuff injury:

The most common cause of rotator cuff ringing is recurrent microtrauma, which can occur over time. Injury or swelling occurs as a result of repeated cuff injury by compression or compression, grip, or compression of the rotator cuff. Physiotherapist focuses on reducing inflammation and pain. The therapist recommends ROM exercise, isometric exercise, and capsular stretching, followed by isotonic exercise and pain-free strengthening.

Tennis elbow:

Tennis elbow injuries occur in the thighs located on the outer side of the elbow, this overuse and overuse occurs due to the beating of the service and forehand. Physiotherapy for tennis elbow includes relaxation, ice, and Kinesiotaping. The wrist brace or elbow tennis belt can be used and special physiotherapy exercises to stretch and strengthen muscles are beneficial.

Golfer Elbow:

Golfer Elbow or medial epicondylitis is caused by overuse of topspin and due to overload in the backhand stroke-causing pain and inflammation. Physiotherapy treatment involves rest, ice, and Kinesiotaping. The wrist brace can be used, followed by exercise and tightening.

Wrist stiffness:

A fall with an outstretched arm includes a fracture of the wrist, fracture of the wrist, and dislocation of the shoulder. It can occur when the wrist moves abnormally, suddenly turning, bending backward, or taking on a heavy role. The player feels tenderness, warmth, the sounds coming out or cracking, and the difficulty of moving the wrist.

Carpal tunnel syndrome:

This injury occurs as a result of holding the back-to-back, rotating the palm to the top, and quickly turning the wrist to form a topspin. Treatment of these conditions includes rest, ice, Kinesiotaping, and range of motion, as well as strenuous exercise.

Back Pain

Athletes suffer from low back pain due to rapid weight transfer, jumping, and twisting, leading to repetitive flexion, extension, rotation and lateral spinal flexion that are often required during cocking or loading tennis. The physiotherapist designs strenuous exercises for the back and abdominal muscles to increase strength

Abdominal side strain:

Side pressure occurs on the side of the body that includes the Oblique muscles. As a result of forced muscle contraction injuries occur on one side of the bowling arm. Side problems occur as a result of repeated arm action. The athlete feels pain and tenderness associated with internal inflammation. Treatment requires adequate rest. After inspection of the injured part, in order to obtain the appropriate strength and condition, the player may gradually return to work,

Femoroacetabular Inclusion:

Femoroacetabular implantation may occur due to multidirectional movement patterns, sudden loading and starting, cutting, twisting, and stopping. This form of hip injury can be treated with the help of RICE and physiotherapy sessions under the guidance of a physiotherapist.

Groin pull:

Groin pull occurs due to tightening or extension of the inner thigh muscles. The athlete feels pain and tenderness in the groin and thighs while lifting the knee or while covering the legs. The athlete is experiencing severe pain during exit or knocking during an injury.


Iliotibial Band Syndrome:

Iliotibial band syndrome occurs due to excessive injury to the outer thigh. Due to the continuous friction created by the IT belt near the outer side of the thigh, during the run. The athlete feels pain and tenderness in the back or outer part of the thigh and knee just above the knee joint.


Hamstring strain:

A hamstring strain is usually caused when the muscles are overloaded, leading to stress, or complete tear. The hamstrings are usually injured during sprinting i.e. during fast bowling while running or running between wickets as a batsman. The athlete experiences sudden or severe pain during exercise, pain or congestion while straightening or bending the leg, and carrying weight. Physiotherapy treatment begins with RICE followed by continuous strengthening with exercise, soft tissue massage, connective tissue, dry needle, and touch.


Broken ACL:

The ACL or anterior cruciate ligament helps keep the knee joints together and brings stability. Ton ACL is very painful and limits the ability to move. Injuries occur from a direct shot to the knee, or from the wrong arrival and either stop and change direction immediately.


Broken MCL:

It is another form of a knee injury, which occurs when the medial collateral ligament connecting the femur and tibia is injured. It is caused when the knees are pushed sideways. This type of knee injury can be treated with the help of ice cubes, foundations, and regular physical therapy sessions under the watchful eye of a sports physiotherapist.


Patellofemoral pain syndrome: Patellofemoral pain syndrome or athlete's knee is a condition in which the cartilage below the kneecap is damaged due to injury. It may be due to stiff ligaments or discomfort in the knees. The athlete feels pain when he exercises, bends his knee, climbs stairs, crawls, and jumps. The athlete can hear cracks in the knee as he climbs stairs or after sitting for a long time with his knee bent.


Shin Splits:

Affects the inside of the lower leg or shin area and is an overused and common injury found among runners. Athletes with flat feet are at risk of developing this type of injury.


Pulled Calf Muscle:

Calf muscle injury occurs when any muscle i.e. the gastrocnemius or soleus is pulled into the Achilles tendon. This happens due to jumping or running. The player feels scratches, redness, slight swelling, and is unable to stand on the ball.


Plantar Fasciitis:

Plantar Fasciitis is an inflammation of the plantar fascia ligament that connects the heel to the front of the foot. Excessive stress and stress is major cause of this type of injury and is usually treated with rest, ice, and stretching exercises.


Ankle Sprains:

A medial ankle sprain can occur when the toes are open while the foot is flexing at the top. A lateral ankle may occur in soccer when a player kicks the ball over his or her foot. Ankle sprains occur when the tendon that supports a joint is excessively stretched due to improper treading or tampering or because of twists and turns. Usually, ankle problems get better with RICE - rest, ice, pressure, and height.


Achilles tendon Fracture:

Achilles tendon fracture occurs as a result of a partial or complete tear of the Achilles tendon. This can happen when a player makes a quick move or jumps. Ankle sprains occur when the ligaments (around the ankle joint) are stretched or torn.


Achilles tendonitis:


Achilles tendonitis is an inflammation of the back of the leg above the heel. Achilles tendonitis injuries occur as a result of overuse. Athletes make sudden movements and repetitions that can cause these injuries over time. Exercise increases pain and is often treated with rest, ice, stretching, and strengthening.


The treatment of more or fewer sports injuries involves physical therapy for sports and appropriate medication to bring relief to athletes. In fact, physiotherapy for sports injuries has been shown to be very helpful in athletes' rapid recovery and is one of the most trusted treatments.



Most physiotherapy centers offer help in dealing with various heart problems. They work on ways to improve the breathing and endurance levels of athletes which allows them to perform their daily activities in a better way. Most sports therapists offer benefits when it comes to treating spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, neurological disorders, etc. Sports physicians have the right equipment and knowledge to help deal with ongoing, severe, and overuse injuries. They play a vital role in the health and well-being of any athlete.


Depending on the type of injury, it may take several weeks or months for the person to recover fully. The physiotherapist assists a person with mild exercise that regenerates the injured muscles and muscles in order to restore complete body movement before the level of injury. Physiotherapists gradually begin various exercises to stretch and strengthen by reducing pain. Sports physiotherapists offer customized recovery programs according to the type of injury, to facilitate the entire recovery process.

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